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block-dmg.c

/*
 * QEMU Block driver for DMG images
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2004 Johannes E. Schindelin
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "block_int.h"
#include "bswap.h"
#include <zlib.h>

typedef struct BDRVDMGState {
    int fd;

    /* each chunk contains a certain number of sectors,
     * offsets[i] is the offset in the .dmg file,
     * lengths[i] is the length of the compressed chunk,
     * sectors[i] is the sector beginning at offsets[i],
     * sectorcounts[i] is the number of sectors in that chunk,
     * the sectors array is ordered
     * 0<=i<n_chunks */

    uint32_t n_chunks;
    uint32_t* types;
    uint64_t* offsets;
    uint64_t* lengths;
    uint64_t* sectors;
    uint64_t* sectorcounts;
    uint32_t current_chunk;
    uint8_t *compressed_chunk;
    uint8_t *uncompressed_chunk;
    z_stream zstream;
} BDRVDMGState;

static int dmg_probe(const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, const char *filename)
{
    int len=strlen(filename);
    if(len>4 && !strcmp(filename+len-4,".dmg"))
      return 2;
    return 0;
}

static off_t read_off(int fd)
{
      uint64_t buffer;
      if(read(fd,&buffer,8)<8)
            return 0;
      return be64_to_cpu(buffer);
}

static off_t read_uint32(int fd)
{
      uint32_t buffer;
      if(read(fd,&buffer,4)<4)
            return 0;
      return be32_to_cpu(buffer);
}

static int dmg_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
    BDRVDMGState *s = bs->opaque;
    off_t info_begin,info_end,last_in_offset,last_out_offset;
    uint32_t count;
    uint32_t max_compressed_size=1,max_sectors_per_chunk=1,i;

    s->fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
    if (s->fd < 0)
        return -errno;
    bs->read_only = 1;
    s->n_chunks = 0;
    s->offsets = s->lengths = s->sectors = s->sectorcounts = 0;

    /* read offset of info blocks */
    if(lseek(s->fd,-0x1d8,SEEK_END)<0) {
dmg_close:
      close(s->fd);
      /* open raw instead */
      bs->drv=&bdrv_raw;
      return bs->drv->bdrv_open(bs, filename, flags);
    }
    info_begin=read_off(s->fd);
    if(info_begin==0)
      goto dmg_close;
    if(lseek(s->fd,info_begin,SEEK_SET)<0)
      goto dmg_close;
    if(read_uint32(s->fd)!=0x100)
      goto dmg_close;
    if((count = read_uint32(s->fd))==0)
      goto dmg_close;
    info_end = info_begin+count;
    if(lseek(s->fd,0xf8,SEEK_CUR)<0)
      goto dmg_close;

    /* read offsets */
    last_in_offset = last_out_offset = 0;
    while(lseek(s->fd,0,SEEK_CUR)<info_end) {
        uint32_t type;

      count = read_uint32(s->fd);
      if(count==0)
          goto dmg_close;
      type = read_uint32(s->fd);
      if(type!=0x6d697368 || count<244)
          lseek(s->fd,count-4,SEEK_CUR);
      else {
          int new_size, chunk_count;
          if(lseek(s->fd,200,SEEK_CUR)<0)
              goto dmg_close;
          chunk_count = (count-204)/40;
          new_size = sizeof(uint64_t) * (s->n_chunks + chunk_count);
          s->types = qemu_realloc(s->types, new_size/2);
          s->offsets = qemu_realloc(s->offsets, new_size);
          s->lengths = qemu_realloc(s->lengths, new_size);
          s->sectors = qemu_realloc(s->sectors, new_size);
          s->sectorcounts = qemu_realloc(s->sectorcounts, new_size);

          for(i=s->n_chunks;i<s->n_chunks+chunk_count;i++) {
            s->types[i] = read_uint32(s->fd);
            if(s->types[i]!=0x80000005 && s->types[i]!=1 && s->types[i]!=2) {
                if(s->types[i]==0xffffffff) {
                  last_in_offset = s->offsets[i-1]+s->lengths[i-1];
                  last_out_offset = s->sectors[i-1]+s->sectorcounts[i-1];
                }
                chunk_count--;
                i--;
                if(lseek(s->fd,36,SEEK_CUR)<0)
                  goto dmg_close;
                continue;
            }
            read_uint32(s->fd);
            s->sectors[i] = last_out_offset+read_off(s->fd);
            s->sectorcounts[i] = read_off(s->fd);
            s->offsets[i] = last_in_offset+read_off(s->fd);
            s->lengths[i] = read_off(s->fd);
            if(s->lengths[i]>max_compressed_size)
                max_compressed_size = s->lengths[i];
            if(s->sectorcounts[i]>max_sectors_per_chunk)
                max_sectors_per_chunk = s->sectorcounts[i];
          }
          s->n_chunks+=chunk_count;
      }
    }

    /* initialize zlib engine */
    if(!(s->compressed_chunk = malloc(max_compressed_size+1)))
      goto dmg_close;
    if(!(s->uncompressed_chunk = malloc(512*max_sectors_per_chunk)))
      goto dmg_close;
    if(inflateInit(&s->zstream) != Z_OK)
      goto dmg_close;

    s->current_chunk = s->n_chunks;

    return 0;
}

static inline int is_sector_in_chunk(BDRVDMGState* s,
            uint32_t chunk_num,int sector_num)
{
    if(chunk_num>=s->n_chunks || s->sectors[chunk_num]>sector_num ||
          s->sectors[chunk_num]+s->sectorcounts[chunk_num]<=sector_num)
      return 0;
    else
      return -1;
}

static inline uint32_t search_chunk(BDRVDMGState* s,int sector_num)
{
    /* binary search */
    uint32_t chunk1=0,chunk2=s->n_chunks,chunk3;
    while(chunk1!=chunk2) {
      chunk3 = (chunk1+chunk2)/2;
      if(s->sectors[chunk3]>sector_num)
          chunk2 = chunk3;
      else if(s->sectors[chunk3]+s->sectorcounts[chunk3]>sector_num)
          return chunk3;
      else
          chunk1 = chunk3;
    }
    return s->n_chunks; /* error */
}

static inline int dmg_read_chunk(BDRVDMGState *s,int sector_num)
{
    if(!is_sector_in_chunk(s,s->current_chunk,sector_num)) {
      int ret;
      uint32_t chunk = search_chunk(s,sector_num);

      if(chunk>=s->n_chunks)
          return -1;

      s->current_chunk = s->n_chunks;
      switch(s->types[chunk]) {
      case 0x80000005: { /* zlib compressed */
          int i;

          ret = lseek(s->fd, s->offsets[chunk], SEEK_SET);
          if(ret<0)
            return -1;

          /* we need to buffer, because only the chunk as whole can be
           * inflated. */
          i=0;
          do {
            ret = read(s->fd, s->compressed_chunk+i, s->lengths[chunk]-i);
            if(ret<0 && errno==EINTR)
                ret=0;
            i+=ret;
          } while(ret>=0 && ret+i<s->lengths[chunk]);

          if (ret != s->lengths[chunk])
            return -1;

          s->zstream.next_in = s->compressed_chunk;
          s->zstream.avail_in = s->lengths[chunk];
          s->zstream.next_out = s->uncompressed_chunk;
          s->zstream.avail_out = 512*s->sectorcounts[chunk];
          ret = inflateReset(&s->zstream);
          if(ret != Z_OK)
            return -1;
          ret = inflate(&s->zstream, Z_FINISH);
          if(ret != Z_STREAM_END || s->zstream.total_out != 512*s->sectorcounts[chunk])
            return -1;
          break; }
      case 1: /* copy */
          ret = read(s->fd, s->uncompressed_chunk, s->lengths[chunk]);
          if (ret != s->lengths[chunk])
            return -1;
          break;
      case 2: /* zero */
          memset(s->uncompressed_chunk, 0, 512*s->sectorcounts[chunk]);
          break;
      }
      s->current_chunk = chunk;
    }
    return 0;
}

static int dmg_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                    uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
    BDRVDMGState *s = bs->opaque;
    int i;

    for(i=0;i<nb_sectors;i++) {
      uint32_t sector_offset_in_chunk;
      if(dmg_read_chunk(s, sector_num+i) != 0)
          return -1;
      sector_offset_in_chunk = sector_num+i-s->sectors[s->current_chunk];
      memcpy(buf+i*512,s->uncompressed_chunk+sector_offset_in_chunk*512,512);
    }
    return 0;
}

static void dmg_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    BDRVDMGState *s = bs->opaque;
    close(s->fd);
    if(s->n_chunks>0) {
      free(s->types);
      free(s->offsets);
      free(s->lengths);
      free(s->sectors);
      free(s->sectorcounts);
    }
    free(s->compressed_chunk);
    free(s->uncompressed_chunk);
    inflateEnd(&s->zstream);
}

BlockDriver bdrv_dmg = {
    "dmg",
    sizeof(BDRVDMGState),
    dmg_probe,
    dmg_open,
    dmg_read,
    NULL,
    dmg_close,
};

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