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vmware_vga.c

/*
 * QEMU VMware-SVGA "chipset".
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007 Andrzej Zaborowski  <balrog@zabor.org>
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */
#include "hw.h"
#include "console.h"
#include "pci.h"

#define VERBOSE
#define EMBED_STDVGA
#undef DIRECT_VRAM
#define HW_RECT_ACCEL
#define HW_FILL_ACCEL
#define HW_MOUSE_ACCEL

#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
# include "vga_int.h"
#endif

struct vmsvga_state_s {
#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
    VGA_STATE_COMMON
#endif

    int width;
    int height;
    int invalidated;
    int depth;
    int bypp;
    int enable;
    int config;
    struct {
        int id;
        int x;
        int y;
        int on;
    } cursor;

#ifndef EMBED_STDVGA
    DisplayState *ds;
    int vram_size;
    ram_addr_t vram_offset;
#endif
    uint8_t *vram;
    target_phys_addr_t vram_base;

    int index;
    int scratch_size;
    uint32_t *scratch;
    int new_width;
    int new_height;
    uint32_t guest;
    uint32_t svgaid;
    uint32_t wred;
    uint32_t wgreen;
    uint32_t wblue;
    int syncing;
    int fb_size;

    union {
        uint32_t *fifo;
        struct __attribute__((__packed__)) {
            uint32_t min;
            uint32_t max;
            uint32_t next_cmd;
            uint32_t stop;
            /* Add registers here when adding capabilities.  */
            uint32_t fifo[0];
        } *cmd;
    };

#define REDRAW_FIFO_LEN 512
    struct vmsvga_rect_s {
        int x, y, w, h;
    } redraw_fifo[REDRAW_FIFO_LEN];
    int redraw_fifo_first, redraw_fifo_last;
};

struct pci_vmsvga_state_s {
    PCIDevice card;
    struct vmsvga_state_s chip;
};

#define SVGA_MAGIC            0x900000UL
#define SVGA_MAKE_ID(ver)     (SVGA_MAGIC << 8 | (ver))
#define SVGA_ID_0       SVGA_MAKE_ID(0)
#define SVGA_ID_1       SVGA_MAKE_ID(1)
#define SVGA_ID_2       SVGA_MAKE_ID(2)

#define SVGA_LEGACY_BASE_PORT 0x4560
#define SVGA_INDEX_PORT       0x0
#define SVGA_VALUE_PORT       0x1
#define SVGA_BIOS_PORT        0x2

#define SVGA_VERSION_2

#ifdef SVGA_VERSION_2
# define SVGA_ID        SVGA_ID_2
# define SVGA_IO_BASE         SVGA_LEGACY_BASE_PORT
# define SVGA_IO_MUL          1
# define SVGA_FIFO_SIZE       0x10000
# define SVGA_MEM_BASE        0xe0000000
# define SVGA_PCI_DEVICE_ID   PCI_DEVICE_ID_VMWARE_SVGA2
#else
# define SVGA_ID        SVGA_ID_1
# define SVGA_IO_BASE         SVGA_LEGACY_BASE_PORT
# define SVGA_IO_MUL          4
# define SVGA_FIFO_SIZE       0x10000
# define SVGA_MEM_BASE        0xe0000000
# define SVGA_PCI_DEVICE_ID   PCI_DEVICE_ID_VMWARE_SVGA
#endif

enum {
    /* ID 0, 1 and 2 registers */
    SVGA_REG_ID = 0,
    SVGA_REG_ENABLE = 1,
    SVGA_REG_WIDTH = 2,
    SVGA_REG_HEIGHT = 3,
    SVGA_REG_MAX_WIDTH = 4,
    SVGA_REG_MAX_HEIGHT = 5,
    SVGA_REG_DEPTH = 6,
    SVGA_REG_BITS_PER_PIXEL = 7,    /* Current bpp in the guest */
    SVGA_REG_PSEUDOCOLOR = 8,
    SVGA_REG_RED_MASK = 9,
    SVGA_REG_GREEN_MASK = 10,
    SVGA_REG_BLUE_MASK = 11,
    SVGA_REG_BYTES_PER_LINE = 12,
    SVGA_REG_FB_START = 13,
    SVGA_REG_FB_OFFSET = 14,
    SVGA_REG_VRAM_SIZE = 15,
    SVGA_REG_FB_SIZE = 16,

    /* ID 1 and 2 registers */
    SVGA_REG_CAPABILITIES = 17,
    SVGA_REG_MEM_START = 18,        /* Memory for command FIFO */
    SVGA_REG_MEM_SIZE = 19,
    SVGA_REG_CONFIG_DONE = 20,            /* Set when memory area configured */
    SVGA_REG_SYNC = 21,             /* Write to force synchronization */
    SVGA_REG_BUSY = 22,             /* Read to check if sync is done */
    SVGA_REG_GUEST_ID = 23,         /* Set guest OS identifier */
    SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ID = 24,        /* ID of cursor */
    SVGA_REG_CURSOR_X = 25,         /* Set cursor X position */
    SVGA_REG_CURSOR_Y = 26,         /* Set cursor Y position */
    SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ON = 27,        /* Turn cursor on/off */
    SVGA_REG_HOST_BITS_PER_PIXEL = 28,    /* Current bpp in the host */
    SVGA_REG_SCRATCH_SIZE = 29,           /* Number of scratch registers */
    SVGA_REG_MEM_REGS = 30,         /* Number of FIFO registers */
    SVGA_REG_NUM_DISPLAYS = 31,           /* Number of guest displays */
    SVGA_REG_PITCHLOCK = 32,        /* Fixed pitch for all modes */

    SVGA_PALETTE_BASE = 1024,       /* Base of SVGA color map */
    SVGA_PALETTE_END  = SVGA_PALETTE_BASE + 767,
    SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE = SVGA_PALETTE_BASE + 768,
};

#define SVGA_CAP_NONE               0
#define SVGA_CAP_RECT_FILL          (1 << 0)
#define SVGA_CAP_RECT_COPY          (1 << 1)
#define SVGA_CAP_RECT_PAT_FILL            (1 << 2)
#define SVGA_CAP_LEGACY_OFFSCREEN   (1 << 3)
#define SVGA_CAP_RASTER_OP          (1 << 4)
#define SVGA_CAP_CURSOR             (1 << 5)
#define SVGA_CAP_CURSOR_BYPASS            (1 << 6)
#define SVGA_CAP_CURSOR_BYPASS_2    (1 << 7)
#define SVGA_CAP_8BIT_EMULATION           (1 << 8)
#define SVGA_CAP_ALPHA_CURSOR       (1 << 9)
#define SVGA_CAP_GLYPH              (1 << 10)
#define SVGA_CAP_GLYPH_CLIPPING           (1 << 11)
#define SVGA_CAP_OFFSCREEN_1        (1 << 12)
#define SVGA_CAP_ALPHA_BLEND        (1 << 13)
#define SVGA_CAP_3D                 (1 << 14)
#define SVGA_CAP_EXTENDED_FIFO            (1 << 15)
#define SVGA_CAP_MULTIMON           (1 << 16)
#define SVGA_CAP_PITCHLOCK          (1 << 17)

/*
 * FIFO offsets (seen as an array of 32-bit words)
 */
enum {
    /*
     * The original defined FIFO offsets
     */
    SVGA_FIFO_MIN = 0,
    SVGA_FIFO_MAX,      /* The distance from MIN to MAX must be at least 10K */
    SVGA_FIFO_NEXT_CMD,
    SVGA_FIFO_STOP,

    /*
     * Additional offsets added as of SVGA_CAP_EXTENDED_FIFO
     */
    SVGA_FIFO_CAPABILITIES = 4,
    SVGA_FIFO_FLAGS,
    SVGA_FIFO_FENCE,
    SVGA_FIFO_3D_HWVERSION,
    SVGA_FIFO_PITCHLOCK,
};

#define SVGA_FIFO_CAP_NONE          0
#define SVGA_FIFO_CAP_FENCE         (1 << 0)
#define SVGA_FIFO_CAP_ACCELFRONT    (1 << 1)
#define SVGA_FIFO_CAP_PITCHLOCK           (1 << 2)

#define SVGA_FIFO_FLAG_NONE         0
#define SVGA_FIFO_FLAG_ACCELFRONT   (1 << 0)

/* These values can probably be changed arbitrarily.  */
#define SVGA_SCRATCH_SIZE           0x8000
#define SVGA_MAX_WIDTH              2360
#define SVGA_MAX_HEIGHT             1770

#ifdef VERBOSE
# define GUEST_OS_BASE        0x5001
static const char *vmsvga_guest_id[] = {
    [0x00 ... 0x15] = "an unknown OS",
    [0x00] = "Dos",
    [0x01] = "Windows 3.1",
    [0x02] = "Windows 95",
    [0x03] = "Windows 98",
    [0x04] = "Windows ME",
    [0x05] = "Windows NT",
    [0x06] = "Windows 2000",
    [0x07] = "Linux",
    [0x08] = "OS/2",
    [0x0a] = "BSD",
    [0x0b] = "Whistler",
    [0x15] = "Windows 2003",
};
#endif

enum {
    SVGA_CMD_INVALID_CMD = 0,
    SVGA_CMD_UPDATE = 1,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_FILL = 2,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_COPY = 3,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_BITMAP = 4,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_BITMAP_SCANLINE = 5,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_PIXMAP = 6,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_PIXMAP_SCANLINE = 7,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_BITMAP_FILL = 8,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_PIXMAP_FILL = 9,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_BITMAP_COPY = 10,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_PIXMAP_COPY = 11,
    SVGA_CMD_FREE_OBJECT = 12,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_FILL = 13,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_COPY = 14,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_BITMAP_FILL = 15,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_PIXMAP_FILL = 16,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_BITMAP_COPY = 17,
    SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_PIXMAP_COPY = 18,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_CURSOR = 19,
    SVGA_CMD_DISPLAY_CURSOR = 20,
    SVGA_CMD_MOVE_CURSOR = 21,
    SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_ALPHA_CURSOR = 22,
    SVGA_CMD_DRAW_GLYPH = 23,
    SVGA_CMD_DRAW_GLYPH_CLIPPED = 24,
    SVGA_CMD_UPDATE_VERBOSE = 25,
    SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_FILL = 26,
    SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_COPY = 27,
    SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_ALPHA_BLEND = 28,
    SVGA_CMD_FRONT_ROP_FILL = 29,
    SVGA_CMD_FENCE = 30,
};

/* Legal values for the SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ON register in cursor bypass mode */
enum {
    SVGA_CURSOR_ON_HIDE = 0,
    SVGA_CURSOR_ON_SHOW = 1,
    SVGA_CURSOR_ON_REMOVE_FROM_FB = 2,
    SVGA_CURSOR_ON_RESTORE_TO_FB = 3,
};

static inline void vmsvga_update_rect(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
#ifndef DIRECT_VRAM
    int line;
    int bypl;
    int width;
    int start;
    uint8_t *src;
    uint8_t *dst;

    if (x + w > s->width) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: update width too large x: %d, w: %d\n",
                        __FUNCTION__, x, w);
        x = MIN(x, s->width);
        w = s->width - x;
    }

    if (y + h > s->height) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: update height too large y: %d, h: %d\n",
                        __FUNCTION__, y, h);
        y = MIN(y, s->height);
        h = s->height - y;
    }

    line = h;
    bypl = s->bypp * s->width;
    width = s->bypp * w;
    start = s->bypp * x + bypl * y;
    src = s->vram + start;
    dst = ds_get_data(s->ds) + start;

    for (; line > 0; line --, src += bypl, dst += bypl)
        memcpy(dst, src, width);
#endif

    dpy_update(s->ds, x, y, w, h);
}

static inline void vmsvga_update_screen(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
#ifndef DIRECT_VRAM
    memcpy(ds_get_data(s->ds), s->vram, s->bypp * s->width * s->height);
#endif

    dpy_update(s->ds, 0, 0, s->width, s->height);
}

#ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
# define vmsvga_update_rect_delayed vmsvga_update_rect
#else
static inline void vmsvga_update_rect_delayed(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
    struct vmsvga_rect_s *rect = &s->redraw_fifo[s->redraw_fifo_last ++];
    s->redraw_fifo_last &= REDRAW_FIFO_LEN - 1;
    rect->x = x;
    rect->y = y;
    rect->w = w;
    rect->h = h;
}
#endif

static inline void vmsvga_update_rect_flush(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    struct vmsvga_rect_s *rect;
    if (s->invalidated) {
        s->redraw_fifo_first = s->redraw_fifo_last;
        return;
    }
    /* Overlapping region updates can be optimised out here - if someone
     * knows a smart algorithm to do that, please share.  */
    while (s->redraw_fifo_first != s->redraw_fifo_last) {
        rect = &s->redraw_fifo[s->redraw_fifo_first ++];
        s->redraw_fifo_first &= REDRAW_FIFO_LEN - 1;
        vmsvga_update_rect(s, rect->x, rect->y, rect->w, rect->h);
    }
}

#ifdef HW_RECT_ACCEL
static inline void vmsvga_copy_rect(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, int w, int h)
{
# ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
    uint8_t *vram = ds_get_data(s->ds);
# else
    uint8_t *vram = s->vram;
# endif
    int bypl = s->bypp * s->width;
    int width = s->bypp * w;
    int line = h;
    uint8_t *ptr[2];

# ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
    if (s->ds->dpy_copy)
        qemu_console_copy(s->ds, x0, y0, x1, y1, w, h);
    else
# endif
    {
        if (y1 > y0) {
            ptr[0] = vram + s->bypp * x0 + bypl * (y0 + h - 1);
            ptr[1] = vram + s->bypp * x1 + bypl * (y1 + h - 1);
            for (; line > 0; line --, ptr[0] -= bypl, ptr[1] -= bypl)
                memmove(ptr[1], ptr[0], width);
        } else {
            ptr[0] = vram + s->bypp * x0 + bypl * y0;
            ptr[1] = vram + s->bypp * x1 + bypl * y1;
            for (; line > 0; line --, ptr[0] += bypl, ptr[1] += bypl)
                memmove(ptr[1], ptr[0], width);
        }
    }

    vmsvga_update_rect_delayed(s, x1, y1, w, h);
}
#endif

#ifdef HW_FILL_ACCEL
static inline void vmsvga_fill_rect(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                uint32_t c, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
# ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
    uint8_t *vram = ds_get_data(s->ds);
# else
    uint8_t *vram = s->vram;
# endif
    int bypp = s->bypp;
    int bypl = bypp * s->width;
    int width = bypp * w;
    int line = h;
    int column;
    uint8_t *fst = vram + bypp * x + bypl * y;
    uint8_t *dst;
    uint8_t *src;
    uint8_t col[4];

# ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
    if (s->ds->dpy_fill)
        s->ds->dpy_fill(s->ds, x, y, w, h, c);
    else
# endif
    {
        col[0] = c;
        col[1] = c >> 8;
        col[2] = c >> 16;
        col[3] = c >> 24;

        if (line --) {
            dst = fst;
            src = col;
            for (column = width; column > 0; column --) {
                *(dst ++) = *(src ++);
                if (src - col == bypp)
                    src = col;
            }
            dst = fst;
            for (; line > 0; line --) {
                dst += bypl;
                memcpy(dst, fst, width);
            }
        }
    }

    vmsvga_update_rect_delayed(s, x, y, w, h);
}
#endif

struct vmsvga_cursor_definition_s {
    int width;
    int height;
    int id;
    int bpp;
    int hot_x;
    int hot_y;
    uint32_t mask[1024];
    uint32_t image[1024];
};

#define SVGA_BITMAP_SIZE(w, h)            ((((w) + 31) >> 5) * (h))
#define SVGA_PIXMAP_SIZE(w, h, bpp) (((((w) * (bpp)) + 31) >> 5) * (h))

#ifdef HW_MOUSE_ACCEL
static inline void vmsvga_cursor_define(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                struct vmsvga_cursor_definition_s *c)
{
    int i;
    for (i = SVGA_BITMAP_SIZE(c->width, c->height) - 1; i >= 0; i --)
        c->mask[i] = ~c->mask[i];

    if (s->ds->cursor_define)
        s->ds->cursor_define(c->width, c->height, c->bpp, c->hot_x, c->hot_y,
                        (uint8_t *) c->image, (uint8_t *) c->mask);
}
#endif

#define CMD(f)    le32_to_cpu(s->cmd->f)

static inline int vmsvga_fifo_empty(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    if (!s->config || !s->enable)
        return 1;
    return (s->cmd->next_cmd == s->cmd->stop);
}

static inline uint32_t vmsvga_fifo_read_raw(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    uint32_t cmd = s->fifo[CMD(stop) >> 2];
    s->cmd->stop = cpu_to_le32(CMD(stop) + 4);
    if (CMD(stop) >= CMD(max))
        s->cmd->stop = s->cmd->min;
    return cmd;
}

static inline uint32_t vmsvga_fifo_read(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    return le32_to_cpu(vmsvga_fifo_read_raw(s));
}

static void vmsvga_fifo_run(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    uint32_t cmd, colour;
    int args = 0;
    int x, y, dx, dy, width, height;
    struct vmsvga_cursor_definition_s cursor;
    while (!vmsvga_fifo_empty(s))
        switch (cmd = vmsvga_fifo_read(s)) {
        case SVGA_CMD_UPDATE:
        case SVGA_CMD_UPDATE_VERBOSE:
            x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            width = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            height = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            vmsvga_update_rect_delayed(s, x, y, width, height);
            break;

        case SVGA_CMD_RECT_FILL:
            colour = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            width = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            height = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
#ifdef HW_FILL_ACCEL
            vmsvga_fill_rect(s, colour, x, y, width, height);
            break;
#else
            goto badcmd;
#endif

        case SVGA_CMD_RECT_COPY:
            x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            dx = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            dy = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            width = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            height = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
#ifdef HW_RECT_ACCEL
            vmsvga_copy_rect(s, x, y, dx, dy, width, height);
            break;
#else
            goto badcmd;
#endif

        case SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_CURSOR:
            cursor.id = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            cursor.hot_x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            cursor.hot_y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            cursor.width = x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            cursor.height = y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            cursor.bpp = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            for (args = 0; args < SVGA_BITMAP_SIZE(x, y); args ++)
                cursor.mask[args] = vmsvga_fifo_read_raw(s);
            for (args = 0; args < SVGA_PIXMAP_SIZE(x, y, cursor.bpp); args ++)
                cursor.image[args] = vmsvga_fifo_read_raw(s);
#ifdef HW_MOUSE_ACCEL
            vmsvga_cursor_define(s, &cursor);
            break;
#else
            args = 0;
            goto badcmd;
#endif

        /*
         * Other commands that we at least know the number of arguments
         * for so we can avoid FIFO desync if driver uses them illegally.
         */
        case SVGA_CMD_DEFINE_ALPHA_CURSOR:
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            x = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            y = vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            args = x * y;
            goto badcmd;
        case SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_FILL:
            args = 6;
            goto badcmd;
        case SVGA_CMD_RECT_ROP_COPY:
            args = 7;
            goto badcmd;
        case SVGA_CMD_DRAW_GLYPH_CLIPPED:
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            args = 7 + (vmsvga_fifo_read(s) >> 2);
            goto badcmd;
        case SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_ALPHA_BLEND:
            args = 12;
            goto badcmd;

        /*
         * Other commands that are not listed as depending on any
         * CAPABILITIES bits, but are not described in the README either.
         */
        case SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_FILL:
        case SVGA_CMD_SURFACE_COPY:
        case SVGA_CMD_FRONT_ROP_FILL:
        case SVGA_CMD_FENCE:
        case SVGA_CMD_INVALID_CMD:
            break; /* Nop */

        default:
        badcmd:
            while (args --)
                vmsvga_fifo_read(s);
            printf("%s: Unknown command 0x%02x in SVGA command FIFO\n",
                            __FUNCTION__, cmd);
            break;
        }

    s->syncing = 0;
}

static uint32_t vmsvga_index_read(void *opaque, uint32_t address)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    return s->index;
}

static void vmsvga_index_write(void *opaque, uint32_t address, uint32_t index)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    s->index = index;
}

static uint32_t vmsvga_value_read(void *opaque, uint32_t address)
{
    uint32_t caps;
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    switch (s->index) {
    case SVGA_REG_ID:
        return s->svgaid;

    case SVGA_REG_ENABLE:
        return s->enable;

    case SVGA_REG_WIDTH:
        return s->width;

    case SVGA_REG_HEIGHT:
        return s->height;

    case SVGA_REG_MAX_WIDTH:
        return SVGA_MAX_WIDTH;

    case SVGA_REG_MAX_HEIGHT:
        return SVGA_MAX_HEIGHT;

    case SVGA_REG_DEPTH:
        return s->depth;

    case SVGA_REG_BITS_PER_PIXEL:
        return (s->depth + 7) & ~7;

    case SVGA_REG_PSEUDOCOLOR:
        return 0x0;

    case SVGA_REG_RED_MASK:
        return s->wred;
    case SVGA_REG_GREEN_MASK:
        return s->wgreen;
    case SVGA_REG_BLUE_MASK:
        return s->wblue;

    case SVGA_REG_BYTES_PER_LINE:
        return ((s->depth + 7) >> 3) * s->new_width;

    case SVGA_REG_FB_START:
        return s->vram_base;

    case SVGA_REG_FB_OFFSET:
        return 0x0;

    case SVGA_REG_VRAM_SIZE:
        return s->vram_size - SVGA_FIFO_SIZE;

    case SVGA_REG_FB_SIZE:
        return s->fb_size;

    case SVGA_REG_CAPABILITIES:
        caps = SVGA_CAP_NONE;
#ifdef HW_RECT_ACCEL
        caps |= SVGA_CAP_RECT_COPY;
#endif
#ifdef HW_FILL_ACCEL
        caps |= SVGA_CAP_RECT_FILL;
#endif
#ifdef HW_MOUSE_ACCEL
        if (s->ds->mouse_set)
            caps |= SVGA_CAP_CURSOR | SVGA_CAP_CURSOR_BYPASS_2 |
                    SVGA_CAP_CURSOR_BYPASS;
#endif
        return caps;

    case SVGA_REG_MEM_START:
        return s->vram_base + s->vram_size - SVGA_FIFO_SIZE;

    case SVGA_REG_MEM_SIZE:
        return SVGA_FIFO_SIZE;

    case SVGA_REG_CONFIG_DONE:
        return s->config;

    case SVGA_REG_SYNC:
    case SVGA_REG_BUSY:
        return s->syncing;

    case SVGA_REG_GUEST_ID:
        return s->guest;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ID:
        return s->cursor.id;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_X:
        return s->cursor.x;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_Y:
        return s->cursor.x;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ON:
        return s->cursor.on;

    case SVGA_REG_HOST_BITS_PER_PIXEL:
        return (s->depth + 7) & ~7;

    case SVGA_REG_SCRATCH_SIZE:
        return s->scratch_size;

    case SVGA_REG_MEM_REGS:
    case SVGA_REG_NUM_DISPLAYS:
    case SVGA_REG_PITCHLOCK:
    case SVGA_PALETTE_BASE ... SVGA_PALETTE_END:
        return 0;

    default:
        if (s->index >= SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE &&
                s->index < SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE + s->scratch_size)
            return s->scratch[s->index - SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE];
        printf("%s: Bad register %02x\n", __FUNCTION__, s->index);
    }

    return 0;
}

static void vmsvga_value_write(void *opaque, uint32_t address, uint32_t value)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    switch (s->index) {
    case SVGA_REG_ID:
        if (value == SVGA_ID_2 || value == SVGA_ID_1 || value == SVGA_ID_0)
            s->svgaid = value;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_ENABLE:
        s->enable = value;
        s->config &= !!value;
        s->width = -1;
        s->height = -1;
        s->invalidated = 1;
#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
        s->invalidate(opaque);
#endif
        if (s->enable)
            s->fb_size = ((s->depth + 7) >> 3) * s->new_width * s->new_height;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_WIDTH:
        s->new_width = value;
        s->invalidated = 1;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_HEIGHT:
        s->new_height = value;
        s->invalidated = 1;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_DEPTH:
    case SVGA_REG_BITS_PER_PIXEL:
        if (value != s->depth) {
            printf("%s: Bad colour depth: %i bits\n", __FUNCTION__, value);
            s->config = 0;
        }
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_CONFIG_DONE:
        if (value) {
            s->fifo = (uint32_t *) &s->vram[s->vram_size - SVGA_FIFO_SIZE];
            /* Check range and alignment.  */
            if ((CMD(min) | CMD(max) |
                        CMD(next_cmd) | CMD(stop)) & 3)
                break;
            if (CMD(min) < (uint8_t *) s->cmd->fifo - (uint8_t *) s->fifo)
                break;
            if (CMD(max) > SVGA_FIFO_SIZE)
                break;
            if (CMD(max) < CMD(min) + 10 * 1024)
                break;
        }
        s->config = !!value;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_SYNC:
        s->syncing = 1;
        vmsvga_fifo_run(s); /* Or should we just wait for update_display? */
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_GUEST_ID:
        s->guest = value;
#ifdef VERBOSE
        if (value >= GUEST_OS_BASE && value < GUEST_OS_BASE +
                ARRAY_SIZE(vmsvga_guest_id))
            printf("%s: guest runs %s.\n", __FUNCTION__,
                            vmsvga_guest_id[value - GUEST_OS_BASE]);
#endif
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ID:
        s->cursor.id = value;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_X:
        s->cursor.x = value;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_Y:
        s->cursor.y = value;
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_CURSOR_ON:
        s->cursor.on |= (value == SVGA_CURSOR_ON_SHOW);
        s->cursor.on &= (value != SVGA_CURSOR_ON_HIDE);
#ifdef HW_MOUSE_ACCEL
        if (s->ds->mouse_set && value <= SVGA_CURSOR_ON_SHOW)
            s->ds->mouse_set(s->cursor.x, s->cursor.y, s->cursor.on);
#endif
        break;

    case SVGA_REG_MEM_REGS:
    case SVGA_REG_NUM_DISPLAYS:
    case SVGA_REG_PITCHLOCK:
    case SVGA_PALETTE_BASE ... SVGA_PALETTE_END:
        break;

    default:
        if (s->index >= SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE &&
                s->index < SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE + s->scratch_size) {
            s->scratch[s->index - SVGA_SCRATCH_BASE] = value;
            break;
        }
        printf("%s: Bad register %02x\n", __FUNCTION__, s->index);
    }
}

static uint32_t vmsvga_bios_read(void *opaque, uint32_t address)
{
    printf("%s: what are we supposed to return?\n", __FUNCTION__);
    return 0xcafe;
}

static void vmsvga_bios_write(void *opaque, uint32_t address, uint32_t data)
{
    printf("%s: what are we supposed to do with (%08x)?\n",
                    __FUNCTION__, data);
}

static inline void vmsvga_size(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    if (s->new_width != s->width || s->new_height != s->height) {
        s->width = s->new_width;
        s->height = s->new_height;
        qemu_console_resize(s->ds, s->width, s->height);
        s->invalidated = 1;
    }
}

static void vmsvga_update_display(void *opaque)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (!s->enable) {
#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
        s->update(opaque);
#endif
        return;
    }

    vmsvga_size(s);

    vmsvga_fifo_run(s);
    vmsvga_update_rect_flush(s);

    /*
     * Is it more efficient to look at vram VGA-dirty bits or wait
     * for the driver to issue SVGA_CMD_UPDATE?
     */
    if (s->invalidated) {
        s->invalidated = 0;
        vmsvga_update_screen(s);
    }
}

static void vmsvga_reset(struct vmsvga_state_s *s)
{
    s->index = 0;
    s->enable = 0;
    s->config = 0;
    s->width = -1;
    s->height = -1;
    s->svgaid = SVGA_ID;
    s->depth = 24;
    s->bypp = (s->depth + 7) >> 3;
    s->cursor.on = 0;
    s->redraw_fifo_first = 0;
    s->redraw_fifo_last = 0;
    switch (s->depth) {
    case 8:
        s->wred   = 0x00000007;
        s->wgreen = 0x00000038;
        s->wblue  = 0x000000c0;
        break;
    case 15:
        s->wred   = 0x0000001f;
        s->wgreen = 0x000003e0;
        s->wblue  = 0x00007c00;
        break;
    case 16:
        s->wred   = 0x0000001f;
        s->wgreen = 0x000007e0;
        s->wblue  = 0x0000f800;
        break;
    case 24:
        s->wred   = 0x00ff0000;
        s->wgreen = 0x0000ff00;
        s->wblue  = 0x000000ff;
        break;
    case 32:
        s->wred   = 0x00ff0000;
        s->wgreen = 0x0000ff00;
        s->wblue  = 0x000000ff;
        break;
    }
    s->syncing = 0;
}

static void vmsvga_invalidate_display(void *opaque)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (!s->enable) {
#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
        s->invalidate(opaque);
#endif
        return;
    }

    s->invalidated = 1;
}

/* save the vga display in a PPM image even if no display is
   available */
static void vmsvga_screen_dump(void *opaque, const char *filename)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (!s->enable) {
#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
        s->screen_dump(opaque, filename);
#endif
        return;
    }

    if (s->depth == 32) {
        DisplaySurface *ds = qemu_create_displaysurface_from(s->width,
                s->height, 32, ds_get_linesize(s->ds), s->vram);
        ppm_save(filename, ds);
        qemu_free(ds);
    }
}

static void vmsvga_text_update(void *opaque, console_ch_t *chardata)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;

    if (s->text_update)
        s->text_update(opaque, chardata);
}

#ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
static uint32_t vmsvga_vram_readb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        return *(uint8_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr);
    else
        return *(uint8_t *) (s->vram + addr);
}

static uint32_t vmsvga_vram_readw(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        return *(uint16_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr);
    else
        return *(uint16_t *) (s->vram + addr);
}

static uint32_t vmsvga_vram_readl(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        return *(uint32_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr);
    else
        return *(uint32_t *) (s->vram + addr);
}

static void vmsvga_vram_writeb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                uint32_t value)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        *(uint8_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr) = value;
    else
        *(uint8_t *) (s->vram + addr) = value;
}

static void vmsvga_vram_writew(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                uint32_t value)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        *(uint16_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr) = value;
    else
        *(uint16_t *) (s->vram + addr) = value;
}

static void vmsvga_vram_writel(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                uint32_t value)
{
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    if (addr < s->fb_size)
        *(uint32_t *) (ds_get_data(s->ds) + addr) = value;
    else
        *(uint32_t *) (s->vram + addr) = value;
}

static CPUReadMemoryFunc *vmsvga_vram_read[] = {
    vmsvga_vram_readb,
    vmsvga_vram_readw,
    vmsvga_vram_readl,
};

static CPUWriteMemoryFunc *vmsvga_vram_write[] = {
    vmsvga_vram_writeb,
    vmsvga_vram_writew,
    vmsvga_vram_writel,
};
#endif

static void vmsvga_save(struct vmsvga_state_s *s, QEMUFile *f)
{
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->depth);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->enable);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->config);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->cursor.id);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->cursor.x);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->cursor.y);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->cursor.on);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->index);
    qemu_put_buffer(f, (uint8_t *) s->scratch, s->scratch_size * 4);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->new_width);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->new_height);
    qemu_put_be32s(f, &s->guest);
    qemu_put_be32s(f, &s->svgaid);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->syncing);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->fb_size);
}

static int vmsvga_load(struct vmsvga_state_s *s, QEMUFile *f)
{
    int depth;
    depth=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->enable=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->config=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->cursor.id=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->cursor.x=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->cursor.y=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->cursor.on=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->index=qemu_get_be32(f);
    qemu_get_buffer(f, (uint8_t *) s->scratch, s->scratch_size * 4);
    s->new_width=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->new_height=qemu_get_be32(f);
    qemu_get_be32s(f, &s->guest);
    qemu_get_be32s(f, &s->svgaid);
    s->syncing=qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->fb_size=qemu_get_be32(f);

    if (s->enable && depth != s->depth) {
        printf("%s: need colour depth of %i bits to resume operation.\n",
                        __FUNCTION__, depth);
        return -EINVAL;
    }

    s->invalidated = 1;
    if (s->config)
        s->fifo = (uint32_t *) &s->vram[s->vram_size - SVGA_FIFO_SIZE];

    return 0;
}

static void vmsvga_init(struct vmsvga_state_s *s,
                uint8_t *vga_ram_base, unsigned long vga_ram_offset,
                int vga_ram_size)
{
    s->vram = vga_ram_base;
    s->vram_size = vga_ram_size;
    s->vram_offset = vga_ram_offset;

    s->scratch_size = SVGA_SCRATCH_SIZE;
    s->scratch = (uint32_t *) qemu_malloc(s->scratch_size * 4);

    vmsvga_reset(s);

#ifdef EMBED_STDVGA
    vga_common_init((VGAState *) s,
                    vga_ram_base, vga_ram_offset, vga_ram_size);
    vga_init((VGAState *) s);
#endif

    s->ds = graphic_console_init(vmsvga_update_display,
                                 vmsvga_invalidate_display,
                                 vmsvga_screen_dump,
                                 vmsvga_text_update, s);

#ifdef CONFIG_BOCHS_VBE
    /* XXX: use optimized standard vga accesses */
    cpu_register_physical_memory(VBE_DISPI_LFB_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS,
                                 vga_ram_size, vga_ram_offset);
#endif
}

static void pci_vmsvga_save(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
{
    struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    pci_device_save(&s->card, f);
    vmsvga_save(&s->chip, f);
}

static int pci_vmsvga_load(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque, int version_id)
{
    struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *s = (struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *) opaque;
    int ret;

    ret = pci_device_load(&s->card, f);
    if (ret < 0)
        return ret;

    ret = vmsvga_load(&s->chip, f);
    if (ret < 0)
        return ret;

    return 0;
}

static void pci_vmsvga_map_ioport(PCIDevice *pci_dev, int region_num,
                uint32_t addr, uint32_t size, int type)
{
    struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *d = (struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *) pci_dev;
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = &d->chip;

    register_ioport_read(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_INDEX_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_index_read, s);
    register_ioport_write(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_INDEX_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_index_write, s);
    register_ioport_read(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_VALUE_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_value_read, s);
    register_ioport_write(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_VALUE_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_value_write, s);
    register_ioport_read(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_BIOS_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_bios_read, s);
    register_ioport_write(addr + SVGA_IO_MUL * SVGA_BIOS_PORT,
                    1, 4, vmsvga_bios_write, s);
}

static void pci_vmsvga_map_mem(PCIDevice *pci_dev, int region_num,
                uint32_t addr, uint32_t size, int type)
{
    struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *d = (struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *) pci_dev;
    struct vmsvga_state_s *s = &d->chip;
    ram_addr_t iomemtype;

    s->vram_base = addr;
#ifdef DIRECT_VRAM
    iomemtype = cpu_register_io_memory(0, vmsvga_vram_read,
                    vmsvga_vram_write, s);
#else
    iomemtype = s->vram_offset | IO_MEM_RAM;
#endif
    cpu_register_physical_memory(s->vram_base, s->vram_size,
                    iomemtype);
}

#define PCI_CLASS_HEADERTYPE_00h    0x00

void pci_vmsvga_init(PCIBus *bus, uint8_t *vga_ram_base,
                     unsigned long vga_ram_offset, int vga_ram_size)
{
    struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *s;

    /* Setup PCI configuration */
    s = (struct pci_vmsvga_state_s *)
        pci_register_device(bus, "QEMUware SVGA",
                sizeof(struct pci_vmsvga_state_s), -1, 0, 0);
    pci_config_set_vendor_id(s->card.config, PCI_VENDOR_ID_VMWARE);
    pci_config_set_device_id(s->card.config, SVGA_PCI_DEVICE_ID);
    s->card.config[PCI_COMMAND]           = 0x07;           /* I/O + Memory */
    pci_config_set_class(s->card.config, PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA);
    s->card.config[0x0c]            = 0x08;           /* Cache line size */
    s->card.config[0x0d]            = 0x40;           /* Latency timer */
    s->card.config[0x0e]            = PCI_CLASS_HEADERTYPE_00h;
    s->card.config[0x2c]            = PCI_VENDOR_ID_VMWARE & 0xff;
    s->card.config[0x2d]            = PCI_VENDOR_ID_VMWARE >> 8;
    s->card.config[0x2e]            = SVGA_PCI_DEVICE_ID & 0xff;
    s->card.config[0x2f]            = SVGA_PCI_DEVICE_ID >> 8;
    s->card.config[0x3c]            = 0xff;           /* End */

    pci_register_io_region(&s->card, 0, 0x10,
                    PCI_ADDRESS_SPACE_IO, pci_vmsvga_map_ioport);
    pci_register_io_region(&s->card, 1, vga_ram_size,
                    PCI_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEM_PREFETCH, pci_vmsvga_map_mem);

    vmsvga_init(&s->chip, vga_ram_base, vga_ram_offset, vga_ram_size);

    register_savevm("vmware_vga", 0, 0, pci_vmsvga_save, pci_vmsvga_load, s);
}

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