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virtio.c

/*
 * Virtio Support
 *
 * Copyright IBM, Corp. 2007
 *
 * Authors:
 *  Anthony Liguori   <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
 *
 * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.  See
 * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
 *
 */

#include <inttypes.h>

#include "virtio.h"
#include "sysemu.h"

//#define VIRTIO_ZERO_COPY

/* from Linux's linux/virtio_pci.h */

/* A 32-bit r/o bitmask of the features supported by the host */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_HOST_FEATURES        0

/* A 32-bit r/w bitmask of features activated by the guest */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_GUEST_FEATURES       4

/* A 32-bit r/w PFN for the currently selected queue */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_PFN            8

/* A 16-bit r/o queue size for the currently selected queue */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NUM            12

/* A 16-bit r/w queue selector */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_SEL            14

/* A 16-bit r/w queue notifier */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY         16

/* An 8-bit device status register.  */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_STATUS               18

/* An 8-bit r/o interrupt status register.  Reading the value will return the
 * current contents of the ISR and will also clear it.  This is effectively
 * a read-and-acknowledge. */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_ISR                  19

#define VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG               20

/* Virtio ABI version, if we increment this, we break the guest driver. */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_ABI_VERSION          0

/* How many bits to shift physical queue address written to QUEUE_PFN.
 * 12 is historical, and due to x86 page size. */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_ADDR_SHIFT    12

/* The alignment to use between consumer and producer parts of vring.
 * x86 pagesize again. */
#define VIRTIO_PCI_VRING_ALIGN         4096

/* QEMU doesn't strictly need write barriers since everything runs in
 * lock-step.  We'll leave the calls to wmb() in though to make it obvious for
 * KVM or if kqemu gets SMP support.
 */
#define wmb() do { } while (0)

typedef struct VRingDesc
{
    uint64_t addr;
    uint32_t len;
    uint16_t flags;
    uint16_t next;
} VRingDesc;

typedef struct VRingAvail
{
    uint16_t flags;
    uint16_t idx;
    uint16_t ring[0];
} VRingAvail;

typedef struct VRingUsedElem
{
    uint32_t id;
    uint32_t len;
} VRingUsedElem;

typedef struct VRingUsed
{
    uint16_t flags;
    uint16_t idx;
    VRingUsedElem ring[0];
} VRingUsed;

typedef struct VRing
{
    unsigned int num;
    target_phys_addr_t desc;
    target_phys_addr_t avail;
    target_phys_addr_t used;
} VRing;

struct VirtQueue
{
    VRing vring;
    uint32_t pfn;
    uint16_t last_avail_idx;
    int inuse;
    void (*handle_output)(VirtIODevice *vdev, VirtQueue *vq);
};

#define VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX        16

/* virt queue functions */
#ifdef VIRTIO_ZERO_COPY
static void *virtio_map_gpa(target_phys_addr_t addr, size_t size)
{
    ram_addr_t off;
    target_phys_addr_t addr1;

    off = cpu_get_physical_page_desc(addr);
    if ((off & ~TARGET_PAGE_MASK) != IO_MEM_RAM) {
        fprintf(stderr, "virtio DMA to IO ram\n");
        exit(1);
    }

    off = (off & TARGET_PAGE_MASK) | (addr & ~TARGET_PAGE_MASK);

    for (addr1 = addr + TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
         addr1 < TARGET_PAGE_ALIGN(addr + size);
         addr1 += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
        ram_addr_t off1;

        off1 = cpu_get_physical_page_desc(addr1);
        if ((off1 & ~TARGET_PAGE_MASK) != IO_MEM_RAM) {
            fprintf(stderr, "virtio DMA to IO ram\n");
            exit(1);
        }

        off1 = (off1 & TARGET_PAGE_MASK) | (addr1 & ~TARGET_PAGE_MASK);

        if (off1 != (off + (addr1 - addr))) {
            fprintf(stderr, "discontigous virtio memory\n");
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    return phys_ram_base + off;
}
#endif

static void virtqueue_init(VirtQueue *vq, target_phys_addr_t pa)
{
    vq->vring.desc = pa;
    vq->vring.avail = pa + vq->vring.num * sizeof(VRingDesc);
    vq->vring.used = vring_align(vq->vring.avail +
                                 offsetof(VRingAvail, ring[vq->vring.num]),
                                 VIRTIO_PCI_VRING_ALIGN);
}

static inline uint64_t vring_desc_addr(VirtQueue *vq, int i)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.desc + sizeof(VRingDesc) * i + offsetof(VRingDesc, addr);
    return ldq_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint32_t vring_desc_len(VirtQueue *vq, int i)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.desc + sizeof(VRingDesc) * i + offsetof(VRingDesc, len);
    return ldl_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint16_t vring_desc_flags(VirtQueue *vq, int i)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.desc + sizeof(VRingDesc) * i + offsetof(VRingDesc, flags);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint16_t vring_desc_next(VirtQueue *vq, int i)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.desc + sizeof(VRingDesc) * i + offsetof(VRingDesc, next);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint16_t vring_avail_flags(VirtQueue *vq)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.avail + offsetof(VRingAvail, flags);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint16_t vring_avail_idx(VirtQueue *vq)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.avail + offsetof(VRingAvail, idx);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline uint16_t vring_avail_ring(VirtQueue *vq, int i)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.avail + offsetof(VRingAvail, ring[i]);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline void vring_used_ring_id(VirtQueue *vq, int i, uint32_t val)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, ring[i].id);
    stl_phys(pa, val);
}

static inline void vring_used_ring_len(VirtQueue *vq, int i, uint32_t val)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, ring[i].len);
    stl_phys(pa, val);
}

static uint16_t vring_used_idx(VirtQueue *vq)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, idx);
    return lduw_phys(pa);
}

static inline void vring_used_idx_increment(VirtQueue *vq, uint16_t val)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, idx);
    stw_phys(pa, vring_used_idx(vq) + val);
}

static inline void vring_used_flags_set_bit(VirtQueue *vq, int mask)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, flags);
    stw_phys(pa, lduw_phys(pa) | mask);
}

static inline void vring_used_flags_unset_bit(VirtQueue *vq, int mask)
{
    target_phys_addr_t pa;
    pa = vq->vring.used + offsetof(VRingUsed, flags);
    stw_phys(pa, lduw_phys(pa) & ~mask);
}

void virtio_queue_set_notification(VirtQueue *vq, int enable)
{
    if (enable)
        vring_used_flags_unset_bit(vq, VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY);
    else
        vring_used_flags_set_bit(vq, VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY);
}

int virtio_queue_ready(VirtQueue *vq)
{
    return vq->vring.avail != 0;
}

int virtio_queue_empty(VirtQueue *vq)
{
    return vring_avail_idx(vq) == vq->last_avail_idx;
}

void virtqueue_fill(VirtQueue *vq, const VirtQueueElement *elem,
                    unsigned int len, unsigned int idx)
{
    unsigned int offset;
    int i;

#ifndef VIRTIO_ZERO_COPY
    for (i = 0; i < elem->out_num; i++)
        qemu_free(elem->out_sg[i].iov_base);
#endif

    offset = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < elem->in_num; i++) {
        size_t size = MIN(len - offset, elem->in_sg[i].iov_len);

#ifdef VIRTIO_ZERO_COPY
        if (size) {
            ram_addr_t addr = (uint8_t *)elem->in_sg[i].iov_base - phys_ram_base;
            ram_addr_t off;

            for (off = 0; off < size; off += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE)
                cpu_physical_memory_set_dirty(addr + off);
        }
#else
        if (size)
            cpu_physical_memory_write(elem->in_addr[i],
                                      elem->in_sg[i].iov_base,
                                      size);

        qemu_free(elem->in_sg[i].iov_base);
#endif
        
        offset += size;
    }

    idx = (idx + vring_used_idx(vq)) % vq->vring.num;

    /* Get a pointer to the next entry in the used ring. */
    vring_used_ring_id(vq, idx, elem->index);
    vring_used_ring_len(vq, idx, len);
}

void virtqueue_flush(VirtQueue *vq, unsigned int count)
{
    /* Make sure buffer is written before we update index. */
    wmb();
    vring_used_idx_increment(vq, count);
    vq->inuse -= count;
}

void virtqueue_push(VirtQueue *vq, const VirtQueueElement *elem,
                    unsigned int len)
{
    virtqueue_fill(vq, elem, len, 0);
    virtqueue_flush(vq, 1);
}

static int virtqueue_num_heads(VirtQueue *vq, unsigned int idx)
{
    uint16_t num_heads = vring_avail_idx(vq) - idx;

    /* Check it isn't doing very strange things with descriptor numbers. */
    if (num_heads > vq->vring.num) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Guest moved used index from %u to %u",
                idx, vring_avail_idx(vq));
        exit(1);
    }

    return num_heads;
}

static unsigned int virtqueue_get_head(VirtQueue *vq, unsigned int idx)
{
    unsigned int head;

    /* Grab the next descriptor number they're advertising, and increment
     * the index we've seen. */
    head = vring_avail_ring(vq, idx % vq->vring.num);

    /* If their number is silly, that's a fatal mistake. */
    if (head >= vq->vring.num) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Guest says index %u is available", head);
        exit(1);
    }

    return head;
}

static unsigned virtqueue_next_desc(VirtQueue *vq, unsigned int i)
{
    unsigned int next;

    /* If this descriptor says it doesn't chain, we're done. */
    if (!(vring_desc_flags(vq, i) & VRING_DESC_F_NEXT))
        return vq->vring.num;

    /* Check they're not leading us off end of descriptors. */
    next = vring_desc_next(vq, i);
    /* Make sure compiler knows to grab that: we don't want it changing! */
    wmb();

    if (next >= vq->vring.num) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Desc next is %u", next);
        exit(1);
    }

    return next;
}

int virtqueue_avail_bytes(VirtQueue *vq, int in_bytes, int out_bytes)
{
    unsigned int idx;
    int num_bufs, in_total, out_total;

    idx = vq->last_avail_idx;

    num_bufs = in_total = out_total = 0;
    while (virtqueue_num_heads(vq, idx)) {
        int i;

        i = virtqueue_get_head(vq, idx++);
        do {
            /* If we've got too many, that implies a descriptor loop. */
            if (++num_bufs > vq->vring.num) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Looped descriptor");
                exit(1);
            }

            if (vring_desc_flags(vq, i) & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE) {
                if (in_bytes > 0 &&
                    (in_total += vring_desc_len(vq, i)) >= in_bytes)
                    return 1;
            } else {
                if (out_bytes > 0 &&
                    (out_total += vring_desc_len(vq, i)) >= out_bytes)
                    return 1;
            }
        } while ((i = virtqueue_next_desc(vq, i)) != vq->vring.num);
    }

    return 0;
}

int virtqueue_pop(VirtQueue *vq, VirtQueueElement *elem)
{
    unsigned int i, head;

    if (!virtqueue_num_heads(vq, vq->last_avail_idx))
        return 0;

    /* When we start there are none of either input nor output. */
    elem->out_num = elem->in_num = 0;

    i = head = virtqueue_get_head(vq, vq->last_avail_idx++);
    do {
        struct iovec *sg;

        if (vring_desc_flags(vq, i) & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE) {
            elem->in_addr[elem->in_num] = vring_desc_addr(vq, i);
            sg = &elem->in_sg[elem->in_num++];
        } else
            sg = &elem->out_sg[elem->out_num++];

        /* Grab the first descriptor, and check it's OK. */
        sg->iov_len = vring_desc_len(vq, i);

#ifdef VIRTIO_ZERO_COPY
        sg->iov_base = virtio_map_gpa(vring_desc_addr(vq, i), sg->iov_len);
#else
        /* cap individual scatter element size to prevent unbounded allocations
           of memory from the guest.  Practically speaking, no virtio driver
           will ever pass more than a page in each element.  We set the cap to
           be 2MB in case for some reason a large page makes it way into the
           sg list.  When we implement a zero copy API, this limitation will
           disappear */
        if (sg->iov_len > (2 << 20))
            sg->iov_len = 2 << 20;

        sg->iov_base = qemu_malloc(sg->iov_len);
        if (!(vring_desc_flags(vq, i) & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE)) {
            cpu_physical_memory_read(vring_desc_addr(vq, i),
                                     sg->iov_base,
                                     sg->iov_len);
        }
#endif
        if (sg->iov_base == NULL) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Invalid mapping\n");
            exit(1);
        }

        /* If we've got too many, that implies a descriptor loop. */
        if ((elem->in_num + elem->out_num) > vq->vring.num) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Looped descriptor");
            exit(1);
        }
    } while ((i = virtqueue_next_desc(vq, i)) != vq->vring.num);

    elem->index = head;

    vq->inuse++;

    return elem->in_num + elem->out_num;
}

/* virtio device */

static VirtIODevice *to_virtio_device(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
{
    return (VirtIODevice *)pci_dev;
}

static void virtio_update_irq(VirtIODevice *vdev)
{
    qemu_set_irq(vdev->pci_dev.irq[0], vdev->isr & 1);
}

static void virtio_reset(void *opaque)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    int i;

    if (vdev->reset)
        vdev->reset(vdev);

    vdev->features = 0;
    vdev->queue_sel = 0;
    vdev->status = 0;
    vdev->isr = 0;
    virtio_update_irq(vdev);

    for(i = 0; i < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; i++) {
        vdev->vq[i].vring.desc = 0;
        vdev->vq[i].vring.avail = 0;
        vdev->vq[i].vring.used = 0;
        vdev->vq[i].last_avail_idx = 0;
        vdev->vq[i].pfn = 0;
    }
}

static void virtio_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = to_virtio_device(opaque);
    ram_addr_t pa;

    addr -= vdev->addr;

    switch (addr) {
    case VIRTIO_PCI_GUEST_FEATURES:
        if (vdev->set_features)
            vdev->set_features(vdev, val);
        vdev->features = val;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_PFN:
        pa = (ram_addr_t)val << VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_ADDR_SHIFT;
        vdev->vq[vdev->queue_sel].pfn = val;
        if (pa == 0) {
            virtio_reset(vdev);
        } else {
            virtqueue_init(&vdev->vq[vdev->queue_sel], pa);
        }
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_SEL:
        if (val < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX)
            vdev->queue_sel = val;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY:
        if (val < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX && vdev->vq[val].vring.desc)
            vdev->vq[val].handle_output(vdev, &vdev->vq[val]);
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_STATUS:
        vdev->status = val & 0xFF;
        if (vdev->status == 0)
            virtio_reset(vdev);
        break;
    }
}

static uint32_t virtio_ioport_read(void *opaque, uint32_t addr)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = to_virtio_device(opaque);
    uint32_t ret = 0xFFFFFFFF;

    addr -= vdev->addr;

    switch (addr) {
    case VIRTIO_PCI_HOST_FEATURES:
        ret = vdev->get_features(vdev);
        ret |= (1 << VIRTIO_F_NOTIFY_ON_EMPTY);
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_GUEST_FEATURES:
        ret = vdev->features;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_PFN:
        ret = vdev->vq[vdev->queue_sel].pfn;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NUM:
        ret = vdev->vq[vdev->queue_sel].vring.num;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_SEL:
        ret = vdev->queue_sel;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_STATUS:
        ret = vdev->status;
        break;
    case VIRTIO_PCI_ISR:
        /* reading from the ISR also clears it. */
        ret = vdev->isr;
        vdev->isr = 0;
        virtio_update_irq(vdev);
        break;
    default:
        break;
    }

    return ret;
}

static uint32_t virtio_config_readb(void *opaque, uint32_t addr)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint8_t val;

    vdev->get_config(vdev, vdev->config);

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return (uint32_t)-1;

    memcpy(&val, vdev->config + addr, sizeof(val));
    return val;
}

static uint32_t virtio_config_readw(void *opaque, uint32_t addr)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint16_t val;

    vdev->get_config(vdev, vdev->config);

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return (uint32_t)-1;

    memcpy(&val, vdev->config + addr, sizeof(val));
    return val;
}

static uint32_t virtio_config_readl(void *opaque, uint32_t addr)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint32_t val;

    vdev->get_config(vdev, vdev->config);

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return (uint32_t)-1;

    memcpy(&val, vdev->config + addr, sizeof(val));
    return val;
}

static void virtio_config_writeb(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t data)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint8_t val = data;

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return;

    memcpy(vdev->config + addr, &val, sizeof(val));

    if (vdev->set_config)
        vdev->set_config(vdev, vdev->config);
}

static void virtio_config_writew(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t data)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint16_t val = data;

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return;

    memcpy(vdev->config + addr, &val, sizeof(val));

    if (vdev->set_config)
        vdev->set_config(vdev, vdev->config);
}

static void virtio_config_writel(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t data)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = opaque;
    uint32_t val = data;

    addr -= vdev->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_CONFIG;
    if (addr > (vdev->config_len - sizeof(val)))
        return;

    memcpy(vdev->config + addr, &val, sizeof(val));

    if (vdev->set_config)
        vdev->set_config(vdev, vdev->config);
}

static void virtio_map(PCIDevice *pci_dev, int region_num,
                       uint32_t addr, uint32_t size, int type)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev = to_virtio_device(pci_dev);
    int i;

    vdev->addr = addr;
    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        register_ioport_write(addr, 20, 1 << i, virtio_ioport_write, vdev);
        register_ioport_read(addr, 20, 1 << i, virtio_ioport_read, vdev);
    }

    if (vdev->config_len) {
        register_ioport_write(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 1,
                              virtio_config_writeb, vdev);
        register_ioport_write(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 2,
                              virtio_config_writew, vdev);
        register_ioport_write(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 4,
                              virtio_config_writel, vdev);
        register_ioport_read(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 1,
                             virtio_config_readb, vdev);
        register_ioport_read(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 2,
                             virtio_config_readw, vdev);
        register_ioport_read(addr + 20, vdev->config_len, 4,
                             virtio_config_readl, vdev);

        vdev->get_config(vdev, vdev->config);
    }
}

VirtQueue *virtio_add_queue(VirtIODevice *vdev, int queue_size,
                            void (*handle_output)(VirtIODevice *, VirtQueue *))
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; i++) {
        if (vdev->vq[i].vring.num == 0)
            break;
    }

    if (i == VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX || queue_size > VIRTQUEUE_MAX_SIZE)
        abort();

    vdev->vq[i].vring.num = queue_size;
    vdev->vq[i].handle_output = handle_output;

    return &vdev->vq[i];
}

void virtio_notify(VirtIODevice *vdev, VirtQueue *vq)
{
    /* Always notify when queue is empty */
    if ((vq->inuse || vring_avail_idx(vq) != vq->last_avail_idx) &&
        (vring_avail_flags(vq) & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT))
        return;

    vdev->isr |= 0x01;
    virtio_update_irq(vdev);
}

void virtio_notify_config(VirtIODevice *vdev)
{
    if (!(vdev->status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK))
        return;

    vdev->isr |= 0x03;
    virtio_update_irq(vdev);
}

void virtio_save(VirtIODevice *vdev, QEMUFile *f)
{
    int i;

    pci_device_save(&vdev->pci_dev, f);

    qemu_put_be32s(f, &vdev->addr);
    qemu_put_8s(f, &vdev->status);
    qemu_put_8s(f, &vdev->isr);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &vdev->queue_sel);
    qemu_put_be32s(f, &vdev->features);
    qemu_put_be32(f, vdev->config_len);
    qemu_put_buffer(f, vdev->config, vdev->config_len);

    for (i = 0; i < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; i++) {
        if (vdev->vq[i].vring.num == 0)
            break;
    }

    qemu_put_be32(f, i);

    for (i = 0; i < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; i++) {
        if (vdev->vq[i].vring.num == 0)
            break;

        qemu_put_be32(f, vdev->vq[i].vring.num);
        qemu_put_be32s(f, &vdev->vq[i].pfn);
        qemu_put_be16s(f, &vdev->vq[i].last_avail_idx);
    }
}

void virtio_load(VirtIODevice *vdev, QEMUFile *f)
{
    int num, i;

    pci_device_load(&vdev->pci_dev, f);

    qemu_get_be32s(f, &vdev->addr);
    qemu_get_8s(f, &vdev->status);
    qemu_get_8s(f, &vdev->isr);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &vdev->queue_sel);
    qemu_get_be32s(f, &vdev->features);
    vdev->config_len = qemu_get_be32(f);
    qemu_get_buffer(f, vdev->config, vdev->config_len);

    num = qemu_get_be32(f);

    for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
        vdev->vq[i].vring.num = qemu_get_be32(f);
        qemu_get_be32s(f, &vdev->vq[i].pfn);
        qemu_get_be16s(f, &vdev->vq[i].last_avail_idx);

        if (vdev->vq[i].pfn) {
            target_phys_addr_t pa;

            pa = (ram_addr_t)vdev->vq[i].pfn << VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_ADDR_SHIFT;
            virtqueue_init(&vdev->vq[i], pa);
        }
    }

    virtio_update_irq(vdev);
}

VirtIODevice *virtio_init_pci(PCIBus *bus, const char *name,
                              uint16_t vendor, uint16_t device,
                              uint16_t subvendor, uint16_t subdevice,
                              uint16_t class_code, uint8_t pif,
                              size_t config_size, size_t struct_size)
{
    VirtIODevice *vdev;
    PCIDevice *pci_dev;
    uint8_t *config;
    uint32_t size;

    pci_dev = pci_register_device(bus, name, struct_size,
                                  -1, NULL, NULL);
    if (!pci_dev)
        return NULL;

    vdev = to_virtio_device(pci_dev);

    vdev->status = 0;
    vdev->isr = 0;
    vdev->queue_sel = 0;
    vdev->vq = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(VirtQueue) * VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX);

    config = pci_dev->config;
    pci_config_set_vendor_id(config, vendor);
    pci_config_set_device_id(config, device);

    config[0x08] = VIRTIO_PCI_ABI_VERSION;

    config[0x09] = pif;
    pci_config_set_class(config, class_code);
    config[0x0e] = 0x00;

    config[0x2c] = subvendor & 0xFF;
    config[0x2d] = (subvendor >> 8) & 0xFF;
    config[0x2e] = subdevice & 0xFF;
    config[0x2f] = (subdevice >> 8) & 0xFF;

    config[0x3d] = 1;

    vdev->name = name;
    vdev->config_len = config_size;
    if (vdev->config_len)
        vdev->config = qemu_mallocz(config_size);
    else
        vdev->config = NULL;

    size = 20 + config_size;
    if (size & (size-1))
        size = 1 << qemu_fls(size);

    pci_register_io_region(pci_dev, 0, size, PCI_ADDRESS_SPACE_IO,
                           virtio_map);
    qemu_register_reset(virtio_reset, vdev);

    return vdev;
}

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