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tsc2005.c

/*
 * TI TSC2005 emulator.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Andrzej Zaborowski  <balrog@zabor.org>
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Nokia Corporation
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 or
 * (at your option) version 3 of the License.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

#include "hw.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "console.h"
#include "devices.h"

#define TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(value, p)      ((value) >> (16 - (p ? 12 : 10)))

struct tsc2005_state_s {
    qemu_irq pint;      /* Combination of the nPENIRQ and DAV signals */
    QEMUTimer *timer;
    uint16_t model;

    int x, y;
    int pressure;

    int state, reg, irq, command;
    uint16_t data, dav;

    int busy;
    int enabled;
    int host_mode;
    int function;
    int nextfunction;
    int precision;
    int nextprecision;
    int filter;
    int pin_func;
    int timing[2];
    int noise;
    int reset;
    int pdst;
    int pnd0;
    uint16_t temp_thr[2];
    uint16_t aux_thr[2];

    int tr[8];
};

enum {
    TSC_MODE_XYZ_SCAN   = 0x0,
    TSC_MODE_XY_SCAN,
    TSC_MODE_X,
    TSC_MODE_Y,
    TSC_MODE_Z,
    TSC_MODE_AUX,
    TSC_MODE_TEMP1,
    TSC_MODE_TEMP2,
    TSC_MODE_AUX_SCAN,
    TSC_MODE_X_TEST,
    TSC_MODE_Y_TEST,
    TSC_MODE_TS_TEST,
    TSC_MODE_RESERVED,
    TSC_MODE_XX_DRV,
    TSC_MODE_YY_DRV,
    TSC_MODE_YX_DRV,
};

static const uint16_t mode_regs[16] = {
    0xf000, /* X, Y, Z scan */
    0xc000, /* X, Y scan */
    0x8000, /* X */
    0x4000, /* Y */
    0x3000, /* Z */
    0x0800, /* AUX */
    0x0400, /* TEMP1 */
    0x0200, /* TEMP2 */
    0x0800, /* AUX scan */
    0x0040, /* X test */
    0x0020, /* Y test */
    0x0080, /* Short-circuit test */
    0x0000, /* Reserved */
    0x0000, /* X+, X- drivers */
    0x0000, /* Y+, Y- drivers */
    0x0000, /* Y+, X- drivers */
};

#define X_TRANSFORM(s)              \
    ((s->y * s->tr[0] - s->x * s->tr[1]) / s->tr[2] + s->tr[3])
#define Y_TRANSFORM(s)              \
    ((s->y * s->tr[4] - s->x * s->tr[5]) / s->tr[6] + s->tr[7])
#define Z1_TRANSFORM(s)             \
    ((400 - ((s)->x >> 7) + ((s)->pressure << 10)) << 4)
#define Z2_TRANSFORM(s)             \
    ((4000 + ((s)->y >> 7) - ((s)->pressure << 10)) << 4)

#define AUX_VAL                     (700 << 4)  /* +/- 3 at 12-bit */
#define TEMP1_VAL             (1264 << 4) /* +/- 5 at 12-bit */
#define TEMP2_VAL             (1531 << 4) /* +/- 5 at 12-bit */

static uint16_t tsc2005_read(struct tsc2005_state_s *s, int reg)
{
    uint16_t ret;

    switch (reg) {
    case 0x0:     /* X */
        s->dav &= ~mode_regs[TSC_MODE_X];
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(X_TRANSFORM(s), s->precision) +
                (s->noise & 3);
    case 0x1:     /* Y */
        s->dav &= ~mode_regs[TSC_MODE_Y];
        s->noise ++;
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(Y_TRANSFORM(s), s->precision) ^
                (s->noise & 3);
    case 0x2:     /* Z1 */
        s->dav &= 0xdfff;
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(Z1_TRANSFORM(s), s->precision) -
                (s->noise & 3);
    case 0x3:     /* Z2 */
        s->dav &= 0xefff;
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(Z2_TRANSFORM(s), s->precision) |
                (s->noise & 3);

    case 0x4:     /* AUX */
        s->dav &= ~mode_regs[TSC_MODE_AUX];
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(AUX_VAL, s->precision);

    case 0x5:     /* TEMP1 */
        s->dav &= ~mode_regs[TSC_MODE_TEMP1];
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(TEMP1_VAL, s->precision) -
                (s->noise & 5);
    case 0x6:     /* TEMP2 */
        s->dav &= 0xdfff;
        s->dav &= ~mode_regs[TSC_MODE_TEMP2];
        return TSC_CUT_RESOLUTION(TEMP2_VAL, s->precision) ^
                (s->noise & 3);

    case 0x7:     /* Status */
        ret = s->dav | (s->reset << 7) | (s->pdst << 2) | 0x0;
        s->dav &= ~(mode_regs[TSC_MODE_X_TEST] | mode_regs[TSC_MODE_Y_TEST] |
                        mode_regs[TSC_MODE_TS_TEST]);
        s->reset = 1;
        return ret;

    case 0x8:     /* AUX high treshold */
        return s->aux_thr[1];
    case 0x9:     /* AUX low treshold */
        return s->aux_thr[0];

    case 0xa:     /* TEMP high treshold */
        return s->temp_thr[1];
    case 0xb:     /* TEMP low treshold */
        return s->temp_thr[0];

    case 0xc:     /* CFR0 */
        return (s->pressure << 15) | ((!s->busy) << 14) |
                (s->nextprecision << 13) | s->timing[0]; 
    case 0xd:     /* CFR1 */
        return s->timing[1];
    case 0xe:     /* CFR2 */
        return (s->pin_func << 14) | s->filter;

    case 0xf:     /* Function select status */
        return s->function >= 0 ? 1 << s->function : 0;
    }

    /* Never gets here */
    return 0xffff;
}

static void tsc2005_write(struct tsc2005_state_s *s, int reg, uint16_t data)
{
    switch (reg) {
    case 0x8:     /* AUX high treshold */
        s->aux_thr[1] = data;
        break;
    case 0x9:     /* AUX low treshold */
        s->aux_thr[0] = data;
        break;

    case 0xa:     /* TEMP high treshold */
        s->temp_thr[1] = data;
        break;
    case 0xb:     /* TEMP low treshold */
        s->temp_thr[0] = data;
        break;

    case 0xc:     /* CFR0 */
        s->host_mode = data >> 15;
        if (s->enabled != !(data & 0x4000)) {
            s->enabled = !(data & 0x4000);
            fprintf(stderr, "%s: touchscreen sense %sabled\n",
                            __FUNCTION__, s->enabled ? "en" : "dis");
            if (s->busy && !s->enabled)
                qemu_del_timer(s->timer);
            s->busy &= s->enabled;
        }
        s->nextprecision = (data >> 13) & 1;
        s->timing[0] = data & 0x1fff;
        if ((s->timing[0] >> 11) == 3)
            fprintf(stderr, "%s: illegal conversion clock setting\n",
                            __FUNCTION__);
        break;
    case 0xd:     /* CFR1 */
        s->timing[1] = data & 0xf07;
        break;
    case 0xe:     /* CFR2 */
        s->pin_func = (data >> 14) & 3;
        s->filter = data & 0x3fff;
        break;

    default:
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: write into read-only register %x\n",
                        __FUNCTION__, reg);
    }
}

/* This handles most of the chip's logic.  */
static void tsc2005_pin_update(struct tsc2005_state_s *s)
{
    int64_t expires;
    int pin_state;

    switch (s->pin_func) {
    case 0:
        pin_state = !s->pressure && !!s->dav;
        break;
    case 1:
    case 3:
    default:
        pin_state = !s->dav;
        break;
    case 2:
        pin_state = !s->pressure;
    }

    if (pin_state != s->irq) {
        s->irq = pin_state;
        qemu_set_irq(s->pint, s->irq);
    }

    switch (s->nextfunction) {
    case TSC_MODE_XYZ_SCAN:
    case TSC_MODE_XY_SCAN:
        if (!s->host_mode && s->dav)
            s->enabled = 0;
        if (!s->pressure)
            return;
        /* Fall through */
    case TSC_MODE_AUX_SCAN:
        break;

    case TSC_MODE_X:
    case TSC_MODE_Y:
    case TSC_MODE_Z:
        if (!s->pressure)
            return;
        /* Fall through */
    case TSC_MODE_AUX:
    case TSC_MODE_TEMP1:
    case TSC_MODE_TEMP2:
    case TSC_MODE_X_TEST:
    case TSC_MODE_Y_TEST:
    case TSC_MODE_TS_TEST:
        if (s->dav)
            s->enabled = 0;
        break;

    case TSC_MODE_RESERVED:
    case TSC_MODE_XX_DRV:
    case TSC_MODE_YY_DRV:
    case TSC_MODE_YX_DRV:
    default:
        return;
    }

    if (!s->enabled || s->busy)
        return;

    s->busy = 1;
    s->precision = s->nextprecision;
    s->function = s->nextfunction;
    s->pdst = !s->pnd0; /* Synchronised on internal clock */
    expires = qemu_get_clock(vm_clock) + (ticks_per_sec >> 7);
    qemu_mod_timer(s->timer, expires);
}

static void tsc2005_reset(struct tsc2005_state_s *s)
{
    s->state = 0;
    s->pin_func = 0;
    s->enabled = 0;
    s->busy = 0;
    s->nextprecision = 0;
    s->nextfunction = 0;
    s->timing[0] = 0;
    s->timing[1] = 0;
    s->irq = 0;
    s->dav = 0;
    s->reset = 0;
    s->pdst = 1;
    s->pnd0 = 0;
    s->function = -1;
    s->temp_thr[0] = 0x000;
    s->temp_thr[1] = 0xfff;
    s->aux_thr[0] = 0x000;
    s->aux_thr[1] = 0xfff;

    tsc2005_pin_update(s);
}

static uint8_t tsc2005_txrx_word(void *opaque, uint8_t value)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = opaque;
    uint32_t ret = 0;

    switch (s->state ++) {
    case 0:
        if (value & 0x80) {
            /* Command */
            if (value & (1 << 1))
                tsc2005_reset(s);
            else {
                s->nextfunction = (value >> 3) & 0xf;
                s->nextprecision = (value >> 2) & 1;
                if (s->enabled != !(value & 1)) {
                    s->enabled = !(value & 1);
                    fprintf(stderr, "%s: touchscreen sense %sabled\n",
                                    __FUNCTION__, s->enabled ? "en" : "dis");
                    if (s->busy && !s->enabled)
                        qemu_del_timer(s->timer);
                    s->busy &= s->enabled;
                }
                tsc2005_pin_update(s);
            }

            s->state = 0;
        } else if (value) {
            /* Data transfer */
            s->reg = (value >> 3) & 0xf;
            s->pnd0 = (value >> 1) & 1;
            s->command = value & 1;

            if (s->command) {
                /* Read */
                s->data = tsc2005_read(s, s->reg);
                tsc2005_pin_update(s);
            } else
                s->data = 0;
        } else
            s->state = 0;
        break;

    case 1:
        if (s->command)
            ret = (s->data >> 8) & 0xff;
        else
            s->data |= value << 8;
        break;

    case 2:
        if (s->command)
            ret = s->data & 0xff;
        else {
            s->data |= value;
            tsc2005_write(s, s->reg, s->data);
            tsc2005_pin_update(s);
        }

        s->state = 0;
        break;
    }

    return ret;
}

uint32_t tsc2005_txrx(void *opaque, uint32_t value, int len)
{
    uint32_t ret = 0;

    len &= ~7;
    while (len > 0) {
        len -= 8;
        ret |= tsc2005_txrx_word(opaque, (value >> len) & 0xff) << len;
    }

    return ret;
}

static void tsc2005_timer_tick(void *opaque)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = opaque;

    /* Timer ticked -- a set of conversions has been finished.  */

    if (!s->busy)
        return;

    s->busy = 0;
    s->dav |= mode_regs[s->function];
    s->function = -1;
    tsc2005_pin_update(s);
}

static void tsc2005_touchscreen_event(void *opaque,
                int x, int y, int z, int buttons_state)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = opaque;
    int p = s->pressure;

    if (buttons_state) {
        s->x = x;
        s->y = y;
    }
    s->pressure = !!buttons_state;

    /*
     * Note: We would get better responsiveness in the guest by
     * signaling TS events immediately, but for now we simulate
     * the first conversion delay for sake of correctness.
     */
    if (p != s->pressure)
        tsc2005_pin_update(s);
}

static void tsc2005_save(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = (struct tsc2005_state_s *) opaque;
    int i;

    qemu_put_be16(f, s->x);
    qemu_put_be16(f, s->y);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->pressure);

    qemu_put_byte(f, s->state);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->reg);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->command);

    qemu_put_byte(f, s->irq);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->dav);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->data);

    qemu_put_timer(f, s->timer);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->enabled);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->host_mode);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->function);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->nextfunction);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->precision);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->nextprecision);
    qemu_put_be16(f, s->filter);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->pin_func);
    qemu_put_be16(f, s->timing[0]);
    qemu_put_be16(f, s->timing[1]);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->temp_thr[0]);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->temp_thr[1]);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->aux_thr[0]);
    qemu_put_be16s(f, &s->aux_thr[1]);
    qemu_put_be32(f, s->noise);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->reset);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->pdst);
    qemu_put_byte(f, s->pnd0);

    for (i = 0; i < 8; i ++)
        qemu_put_be32(f, s->tr[i]);
}

static int tsc2005_load(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque, int version_id)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = (struct tsc2005_state_s *) opaque;
    int i;

    s->x = qemu_get_be16(f);
    s->y = qemu_get_be16(f);
    s->pressure = qemu_get_byte(f);

    s->state = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->reg = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->command = qemu_get_byte(f);

    s->irq = qemu_get_byte(f);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->dav);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->data);

    qemu_get_timer(f, s->timer);
    s->enabled = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->host_mode = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->function = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->nextfunction = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->precision = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->nextprecision = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->filter = qemu_get_be16(f);
    s->pin_func = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->timing[0] = qemu_get_be16(f);
    s->timing[1] = qemu_get_be16(f);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->temp_thr[0]);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->temp_thr[1]);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->aux_thr[0]);
    qemu_get_be16s(f, &s->aux_thr[1]);
    s->noise = qemu_get_be32(f);
    s->reset = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->pdst = qemu_get_byte(f);
    s->pnd0 = qemu_get_byte(f);

    for (i = 0; i < 8; i ++)
        s->tr[i] = qemu_get_be32(f);

    s->busy = qemu_timer_pending(s->timer);
    tsc2005_pin_update(s);

    return 0;
}

void *tsc2005_init(qemu_irq pintdav)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s;

    s = (struct tsc2005_state_s *)
            qemu_mallocz(sizeof(struct tsc2005_state_s));
    s->x = 400;
    s->y = 240;
    s->pressure = 0;
    s->precision = s->nextprecision = 0;
    s->timer = qemu_new_timer(vm_clock, tsc2005_timer_tick, s);
    s->pint = pintdav;
    s->model = 0x2005;

    s->tr[0] = 0;
    s->tr[1] = 1;
    s->tr[2] = 1;
    s->tr[3] = 0;
    s->tr[4] = 1;
    s->tr[5] = 0;
    s->tr[6] = 1;
    s->tr[7] = 0;

    tsc2005_reset(s);

    qemu_add_mouse_event_handler(tsc2005_touchscreen_event, s, 1,
                    "QEMU TSC2005-driven Touchscreen");

    qemu_register_reset((void *) tsc2005_reset, s);
    register_savevm("tsc2005", -1, 0, tsc2005_save, tsc2005_load, s);

    return s;
}

/*
 * Use tslib generated calibration data to generate ADC input values
 * from the touchscreen.  Assuming 12-bit precision was used during
 * tslib calibration.
 */
void tsc2005_set_transform(void *opaque, struct mouse_transform_info_s *info)
{
    struct tsc2005_state_s *s = (struct tsc2005_state_s *) opaque;

    /* This version assumes touchscreen X & Y axis are parallel or
     * perpendicular to LCD's  X & Y axis in some way.  */
    if (abs(info->a[0]) > abs(info->a[1])) {
        s->tr[0] = 0;
        s->tr[1] = -info->a[6] * info->x;
        s->tr[2] = info->a[0];
        s->tr[3] = -info->a[2] / info->a[0];
        s->tr[4] = info->a[6] * info->y;
        s->tr[5] = 0;
        s->tr[6] = info->a[4];
        s->tr[7] = -info->a[5] / info->a[4];
    } else {
        s->tr[0] = info->a[6] * info->y;
        s->tr[1] = 0;
        s->tr[2] = info->a[1];
        s->tr[3] = -info->a[2] / info->a[1];
        s->tr[4] = 0;
        s->tr[5] = -info->a[6] * info->x;
        s->tr[6] = info->a[3];
        s->tr[7] = -info->a[5] / info->a[3];
    }

    s->tr[0] >>= 11;
    s->tr[1] >>= 11;
    s->tr[3] <<= 4;
    s->tr[4] >>= 11;
    s->tr[5] >>= 11;
    s->tr[7] <<= 4;
}

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