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block-parallels.c

/*
 * Block driver for Parallels disk image format
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007 Alex Beregszaszi
 *
 * This code is based on comparing different disk images created by Parallels.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "block_int.h"

/**************************************************************/

#define HEADER_MAGIC "WithoutFreeSpace"
#define HEADER_VERSION 2
#define HEADER_SIZE 64

// always little-endian
struct parallels_header {
    char magic[16]; // "WithoutFreeSpace"
    uint32_t version;
    uint32_t heads;
    uint32_t cylinders;
    uint32_t tracks;
    uint32_t catalog_entries;
    uint32_t nb_sectors;
    char padding[24];
} __attribute__((packed));

typedef struct BDRVParallelsState {
    int fd;

    uint32_t *catalog_bitmap;
    int catalog_size;

    int tracks;
} BDRVParallelsState;

static int parallels_probe(const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, const char *filename)
{
    const struct parallels_header *ph = (const void *)buf;

    if (buf_size < HEADER_SIZE)
      return 0;

    if (!memcmp(ph->magic, HEADER_MAGIC, 16) &&
      (le32_to_cpu(ph->version) == HEADER_VERSION))
      return 100;

    return 0;
}

static int parallels_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
    BDRVParallelsState *s = bs->opaque;
    int fd, i;
    struct parallels_header ph;

    fd = open(filename, O_RDWR | O_BINARY | O_LARGEFILE);
    if (fd < 0) {
        fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY | O_LARGEFILE);
        if (fd < 0)
            return -1;
    }

    bs->read_only = 1; // no write support yet

    s->fd = fd;

    if (read(fd, &ph, sizeof(ph)) != sizeof(ph))
        goto fail;

    if (memcmp(ph.magic, HEADER_MAGIC, 16) ||
      (le32_to_cpu(ph.version) != HEADER_VERSION)) {
        goto fail;
    }

    bs->total_sectors = le32_to_cpu(ph.nb_sectors);

    if (lseek(s->fd, 64, SEEK_SET) != 64)
      goto fail;

    s->tracks = le32_to_cpu(ph.tracks);

    s->catalog_size = le32_to_cpu(ph.catalog_entries);
    s->catalog_bitmap = qemu_malloc(s->catalog_size * 4);
    if (read(s->fd, s->catalog_bitmap, s->catalog_size * 4) !=
      s->catalog_size * 4)
      goto fail;
    for (i = 0; i < s->catalog_size; i++)
      le32_to_cpus(&s->catalog_bitmap[i]);

    return 0;
fail:
    if (s->catalog_bitmap)
      qemu_free(s->catalog_bitmap);
    close(fd);
    return -1;
}

static inline int seek_to_sector(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num)
{
    BDRVParallelsState *s = bs->opaque;
    uint32_t index, offset, position;

    index = sector_num / s->tracks;
    offset = sector_num % s->tracks;

    // not allocated
    if ((index > s->catalog_size) || (s->catalog_bitmap[index] == 0))
      return -1;

    position = (s->catalog_bitmap[index] + offset) * 512;

//    fprintf(stderr, "sector: %llx index=%x offset=%x pointer=%x position=%x\n",
//    sector_num, index, offset, s->catalog_bitmap[index], position);

    if (lseek(s->fd, position, SEEK_SET) != position)
      return -1;

    return 0;
}

static int parallels_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                    uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
    BDRVParallelsState *s = bs->opaque;

    while (nb_sectors > 0) {
      if (!seek_to_sector(bs, sector_num)) {
          if (read(s->fd, buf, 512) != 512)
            return -1;
      } else
            memset(buf, 0, 512);
        nb_sectors--;
        sector_num++;
        buf += 512;
    }
    return 0;
}

static void parallels_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    BDRVParallelsState *s = bs->opaque;
    qemu_free(s->catalog_bitmap);
    close(s->fd);
}

BlockDriver bdrv_parallels = {
    "parallels",
    sizeof(BDRVParallelsState),
    parallels_probe,
    parallels_open,
    parallels_read,
    NULL,
    parallels_close,
};

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